Pozega is located in the south-western part of the famous Golden Valley. This fertile valley was important since the antiquity – its Roman name was Vallis Aurea, meaning “golden valley”. The first mention of the city of is found in the Gesta Hungarorum, by an anonymous notary of Béla III where he mentions the conquest of three forts in Slavonia – as the area between rivers Danube and Sutla was then called: Zagreb, Vlco (Vukovar) and Posega.
City was originally the residential estate of the Croatian-Hungarian queen and was exempt from the authority of the viceroy and the county. Although no such charter survives, the privileges that citizens enjoyed fully corresponded to a free royal city.
The central town square with a number of nice buildings (the church of the Holy Spirit, the Franciscan monastery, the Town House, etc.) and a plague column is one of the most beautiful squares in Croatia.